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2022年成人高考专升本《英语》复习试题及答案(2)

来源:成人学历报考中心发布日期:2022-04-18

Ⅲ.Cloze(30 points)

Directions:For each blank in the following passage,there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Have you ever had to decide whether to go shopping or stay home and watch TV on a weekend?Now you 21 do both at the same time.Home shopping television networks(网络)have become a 22 for many people to shop without 23 having to leave their home.

Some shoppers are 24 of department stores and supermarkets—fighting the crowds,waiting in long lines,and sometimes having slight 25 of finding anything they want to buy.They’d rather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and watch a friendly announcer describe a product 26 a model shows it.And they can shop around the clock,buying something 27 by making a phone call.

Department stores and even mail order companies are 28 to join in the success of home shopping.Large department stores are busy 29 their own TV channels(频道)to encourage TV shopping in the future.Customers can ask questions about products and place 30,all through their TV sets.

Will shopping by television 31 take the place of shopping in stores?Some industry managers think so.32 many people find shopping at a real store a great enjoyment.And for many shoppers,it is still important to 33 or try on dresses they want to buy.That’s 34 specialists say that in the future,home shopping will 35 together with store shopping but will never entirely replace it.

21.A.must

B.should

C.shall

D.can

D理解推断题。网络购物时代使得人们能够(can)在家中实现购物和看电视两不误。

22.A.programme

B.way

C.reason

D.purpose

B词义辨析题。坐在家中运用网络电视系统购物成为一种流行的方式(way)。programme节目,项目;reason原因;purpose目的。

23.A.ever

B.never

C.still

D.once

A词义辨析题。副词ever表示“有时,从来”,起到加强语气的作用,符合题意。

24.A.proud

B.fond

C.tired

D.careful

C词义辨析题。be proud of为……自豪;be fond of喜欢……;be tired of厌烦……;be careful of小心……。从下文所列举的商店购物的不利之处可知,应选C。

25.A.sense

B.doubt

C.hope

D.feeling

C理解推断题。have slight hope of表示“……的希望很渺茫”,符合题意。

26.A.until

B.since

C.if

D.while

D词义辨析题。此处表示电视购物广告既有产品描述还有模特的具体演示,关联词while在这里强调两个动作同时进行。

27.A.suitably

B.cheaply

C.simply

D.hardly

C理解推断题。客户买东西需要的仅仅是打个电话,副词simply在这里表示“简单,仅仅”。

28.A.nervous

B.lucky

C.equal

D.eager

D理解推断题。电视网络购物成为潮流,许多大型商场等非常“急于”分享这一块大“蛋糕”。be eager to do sth.表示“急于做某事”,符合题意。

29.A.putting up

B.making up

C.setting up

D.looking up

C词义辨析题。一些大型百货商店正忙于建立(setting up)自己的电视购物频道。put up搭起,张贴;make up编造;look up查阅,都不符合题意。

30.A.orders

B.goods

C.books

D.answers

A固定搭配题。place orders表示“订购”。

31.A.lastly

B.finally

C.especially

D.fortunately

B理解推断题。电视购物最终会不会代替商店购物呢?副词lastly强调罗列要点时的“最后一点”;而finally则表示“最终,最后”,符合题意。

32.A.Then

B.Yet

C.However

D.Therefore

B词义辨析题。副词however表示前后两句之间的转折关系,但后面往往用逗号隔开,因此此处用yet(然而)符合题意。

33.A.design

B.make

C.wear

D.touch

D理解推断题。连词or(或者)表示选择关系,因此空白处内容与try on dresses之间可选择其一,应选择touch,即“摸一摸或者试穿一下他们想买的商品”。

34.A.how

B.why

C.what

D.when

B理解推断题。根据上下文的语境,题干的大意应是“那就是……的原因(That’s why…)”。

35.A.exist

B.practice

C.follow

D.appear

A理解推断题。老师预测未来社会电视网络购物将与商店购物并存(exist),但永远不会取代(replace)它。

Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension(60 points)

Directions:There are five reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by four questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

The dog has always been considered man’s best friend.Always noted for being particularly faithful in watching over children,he also has his place by the fireside,in the cow pasture,on the sheep range(放牧区),and beside the hunter in forest.He is easy to train,works hard,and often performs astonishing feats.And in the frozen polar regions he was once the principal motive power,before being lately displaced by the plane and helicopter.

Because he howls or whines in the presence of impending death,the dog was once thought to have supernatural powers and believed to be capable of seeing gods and ghosts invisible to men.Actually,the basis for these beliefs lies in the hound’s sensibility to people’s feelings and his superior hearing ability and sense of smell,which enable him to detect signs hidden from human observation.His record of saving lives is outstanding,for he often gives warning of fire and other dangers not noticed by his master.

The dog’s major contribution,however,has been to medical research.Both his diet and his structure are comparable to those of the human being,and so he has been the subject of countless demonstrations and experiments.Open heart surgery has been made possible largely because of the dog.But his sacrifice has repaid his own species as well by safeguarding it from rabies(狂犬病),distemper,and other diseases.

36.The dog has always been noted for.

A.protecting children

B.assisting shepherds

C.helping hunters

D.herding cattle

A事实细节题。文章第一段第二句前半句指出,狗总是以特别忠实地照看孩子而出名。

37.In the polar regions,the dog mainly.

A.carried supplies

B.provided companionship

C.tracked prey

D.herded caribou(驯鹿)

A事实细节题。文章第一段最后一句指出,在寒冷的极地,在飞机和直升机出现之前,狗曾是主要的动力。也就是说,人们主要用狗去驮运物品。

38.Dogs are similar to human beings in.

A.size

B.structure

C.temperament

D.appearance

B事实细节题。文章第三段第二句前半句指出,狗的饮食和身体结构与人类很接近。

39.The article does not say whether the scientists’experiments with dogs have.

A.benefited animals other than dogs

B.served man

C.helped other dogs

D.contributed to medical knowledge

A事实细节题。文章最后指出,科学家们对狗的实验使狗免于犬瘟、狂犬病之类的疾病,而没有提及对其他动物有益。故选A。

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