A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man—the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts,usually beginning by working with his hands.While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker,he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.
This attitude toward manual（体力的）labor is now still seen many aspects of American life.One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously（豪华地）furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact the family has been able to afford foreign travel,expensive hobbies,and college education for the children;yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself,will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward,furthermore the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery.On the contrary,the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes.A professional may talk about washing the car,digging in his flowerbeds,painting the house.His wife may even help with these things,just as he often helps her with the dishwashing.The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living,or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.
11.From paragraph 1,we know that in America _______.从第一段我们可以知道在美国_______？
A.people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man人们对自我奋斗的人评价很高
B.people can always rise to the top through their own efforts
C.college professors win great respect from common workers
D.people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors
12.According to the passage,the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _______.
A.servants in American are hard to get
B.she takes pride in what she can do herself她对自己可以做的事情感到自豪
C.she can hardly afford servants D.It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food
13.The expression“wait on table”in the second paragraph means“_______”.
A.work in a furniture shop B.keep accounts for a bar
C.wait to lay the table D.serve customers in a restaurant在餐厅为客人服务
14.The author’s attitude towards manual（体力的）labor is _______.作者对体力劳动者的态度如何？
A.positive积极的B.negative C.humorous D.critical
15.Which of the following may serve as the best title of the passage?下面那项最适合作这篇文章的题目？
A.A Respectable Self-made Family.
B.American Attitude toward Manual Labor.美国人对体力劳动者的态度
C.Characteristics of American Culture.D.The Development of Manual Labor.