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2022年成人高考专升本《英语》考前测试题及答案(2)

来源:成人学历报考中心发布日期:2022-04-18

Ⅲ.Cloze(30 points)

Directions:For each blank in the following passage,there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Drawing a picture is the simplest way of putting an idea down on paper.That is 21 men first began to write six thousand years ago or 22.The alphabet we now use 23 down to us over a long period of time.It was developed from the picture-writing of ancient Egypt.

Picture-writing was useful in many 24.It could be used to express ideas as well as 25.For example,a drawing of a 26 meant the object“man”.27 a drawing of a man lying on the ground with a spear in him meant“28”.

Besides the Egyptians,the Chinese 29 the American Indians also developed ways 30 writing in pictures.But only 31 much could be said this way.Thousands of pictures would have been needed 32 express all the ideas that people might have.It would have taken many thousand more to express all the objects 33 to men.No one could 34 so many pictures in a lifetime.Nor could anyone learn the meaning of all 35 drawings in a lifetime.

21.A.when

B.because

C.where

D.how

D理解推断题。和前文的way相唿应,表示“那是人们怎样……”,因此这里引导表语从句的连词用how。

22.A.over

B.more

C.else

D.later

B理解推断题。数词后面加or more表示“或更多一点”。

23.A.went

B.showed

C.appeared

D.came

D理解推断题。come down的意思是“传下来”。

24.A.sides

B.colours

C.ways

D.meanings

C词义辨析题。in many ways的意思是“在许多方面”,符合题意。

25.A.stories

B.animals

C.objects

D.subjects

C理解推断题。只有objects可以和ideas相对应,一个是物质的,一个是精神的,这样就把各种事物都包括了。

26.A.creature

B.being

C.woman

D.man

D理解推断题。从后面唿应的meant the object“man”可知,此处应该填man。

27.A.But

B.For

C.Besides

D.Because

A理解推断题。本句和上句之间的关系不是因果关系,而是一种转折关系,故用but。

28.A.die

B.death

C.sleep

D.down

B理解推断题。动词meant的宾语要用名词,down是副词,die是动词,sleep也可作名词,但不符合句意。只有名词death符合句意。

29.A.and

B.with

C.helped

D.followed

A语法结构题。两个并列主语(the Chinese及the American Indians)之间应用连词and。

30.A.to

B.about

C.on

D.of

D语法结构题。在way的后面要用to do sth.或of doing sth.,此处空格后面用的是writing,故用of。

31.A.not

B.very

C.so

D.too

C理解推断题。only not much用在一起不符合语言习惯,且逻辑上不通。only very much逻辑上不通,因为very much指“很多”,前面再加上only(仅仅,只有)意思上就讲不通。如果说only too much那意味着象形文字能表达的内容太多了,与文意不符,故用so much,意思是指象形文字能够表达的只有这么多。

32.A.to

B.for

C.possibly

D.actually

A理解推断题。express是动语,前面用不定式符号to,表示目的。

33.A.known

B.with

C.called

D.in

A理解推断题。后面已有介词to,故不能再选介词in或with。不能说be called to sb.,因此也不能选C。known to sb.的意思是“为……所知道”。

34.A.write

B.draw

C.watch

D.take

B理解推断题。后面的宾语是pictures,故谓语动词只能用draw(画)。

35.A.many

B.some

C.that

D.such

D理解推断题。many和some前面不能用all;that是单数后面不能接复数名词;只有such前面可以用all,后面可以接复数名词。

Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension(60 points)

Directions:There are five reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by four questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

We can make mistakes at any age.Some mistakes we make are about money.But most mistakes are about people.“Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen?”“When I got that great job,did Jim really feel good about it,as a friend?Or did he envy my luck?”When we look back,doubts like these can make us feel bad.But when we look back,it’s too late.

Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies?Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning.And if we don’t really listen closely we miss the feeling behind the words.Suppose someone tells you,“You’re a lucky dog.”That’s being friendly.But“lucky dog”?There’s a bit of envy in those words.Maybe he doesn’t see it himself.But bringing in the“dog”puts you down a little.What he may be saying is that he doesn’t think you deserve your luck.

“Just think of all the things you have to be thankful for”is another noise that says one thing and means another.It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem as part of your life as a whole.But is he?Wrapped up in this phrase is the thought that your problem isn’t important.It’s telling you to think of all the starving people in the world when you haven’t got a date for Saturday night.

How can you tell the real meaning behind someone’s words?One way is to take a good look at the person talking.Do his words fit the way he looks?Does what he says agree with the tone of voice?His posture?The look in his eyes?Stop and think.The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you may save another mistake.

36.According to the author,the reason why we go wrong about our friends is that.

A.we fail to listen carefully when they talk

B.people tend to be annoyed when we check what they say

C.people usually state one thing but mean another

D.we tend to doubt what our friends say

C推理判断题。由第二段第二句及第三段首句可知,有时人们所说的话掩饰了其真实含义,而且言不由衷。故选C。

37.In the sentence“Maybe he doesn’t see it himself”in paragraph 2,the pronoun“it”refers to.

A.being friendly

B.a bit of envy

C.lucky dog

D.your luck

B词语理解题。本句中的it指的就是上句提到的a bit of envy。

38.When we listen to a person talking,the most important thing for us to do is to.

A.notice the way the person is talking

B.take a good look at the person talking

C.mind his tone,his posture and the look in his eyes

D.examine the real meaning of what he says based on his manner,his tone and his posture

D事实细节题。文章最后一段告诉我们要想弄懂一个人说话的真实含义,就要注意他说话的方式、语调和姿态。D项概括全面,故选D。

39.The author most probably is a.

A.teacher

B.psychologist

C.philosopher

D.doctor

B推理判断题。通过了解文章的意思,我们可以看出作者分析了交际过程的心理因素,并从心理学角度提出建议,以使人们少犯错误。由此可知,作者可能是个心理学家。

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