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2022年成人高考专升本《英语》复习试题及答案(1)

来源:成人学历报考中心发布日期:2022-04-18

Ⅰ.Phonetics(5 points)

Directions:In each of the following groups of words,there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A,B,C and D.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1.A.chin

B.bite

C.alive

D.side

A

2.A.gate

B.hate

C.made

D.staff

D

3.A.either

B.eight

C.neither

D.height

B

4.A.child

B.character

C.church

D.chicken

B

5.A.trouble

B.soul

C.double

D.enough

B

Ⅱ.Vocabulary and Structure(15 points)

Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6.The committee is totally opposed any changes being made in the plans.

A.of

B.on

C.to

D.against

C考查固定搭配。句意:委员会完全反对对计划作任何变动。be opposed to构成固定搭配,意为“反对”。

7.We’ll visit Europe next year we have enough money.

A.lest

B.until

C.unless

D.provided

D考查连词词义辨析。句意:如果有足够的钱,我们明年将去欧洲旅行。lest唯恐,以免;until直到……;unless除非,如果不;provided假如,如果。

8.The room is in a terrible dirty surroundings;it cleaned.

A.can’t have been

B.shouldn’t have been

C.mustn’t have been

D.wouldn’t have been

A考查情态动词。句意:房间乱极了,不可能打扫过。句子前半部分“房间乱极了”是前提,后半部分是对这种情况作出的一种猜测性判断,且带否定意味,应用否定形式can’t have done,表示不可能做过某事。shouldn’t have done意为“本不应该做,而实际上已经做了”,与句意不符。

9.That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but the police.

A.called in

B.calling in

C.call in

D.to call in

D考查“but+动词不定式”结构。句意:那件事如此严重,除了请警察,我别无选择。这种结构一般有两种模式:have no choice but+带to不定式;have nothing to do but+不带to不定式。

10.It’s already 5 o’clock now.Don’t you think it’s about time?

A.we are going home

B.we go home

C.we went home

D.we can go home

C考查it is time(that)从句的用法。句意:现在已经5点钟了,你不认为我们该回家了吗?在这一句型中,从句中的动词需要用过去时,故C项正确。

11.I haven’t decided which hotel.

A.to stay

B.is to stay at

C.to stay at

D.is for staying

C考查“疑问代词+不定式”的用法。句意:我还没有决定暂住哪家宾馆。因为stay为不及物动词,所以其后需加介词at。

12.The ancient Egyptians are supposed rockets to the moon.

A.to send

B.to be sending

C.to have sent

D.to have been sending

C考查不定式完成式的用法。句意:据推测,古埃及人曾向月球发射过火箭。send为短暂性动词,不能用进行时态,所以B、D两项错误。A项和C项的区别在于不定式的时态,句首表示时间概念的ancient表明不定式动作在句子谓语动作之前发生,不定式须用完成式,故C项正确。

13.It is kind you to do me a favor at this moment.

A.to

B.for

C.of

D.about

C考查固定句型。句意:谢谢你在这个时候来帮我。It is+adj.+of/for sb.to do sth.是固定句型。of前接与人的赞美或批评有关的形容词,for前接与事物有关的形容词。

14.Let’s think of a situation this idiom can be used.

A.where

B.which

C.that

D.what

A考查定语从句。句意:咱们来想一个能够应用这个成语的语境。where引导定语从句且在从句中作地点状语,符合题意。

15.Silver is the best conductor of electricity,copper it closely.

A.followed

B.following

C.to follow

D.being followed

B考查非谓语动词。句意:银是最好的导电体,铜仅次之。copper与follow之间为主动关系,故用现在分词形式。

16.Many a young scientist engaged in the research work.

A.have

B.has

C.have been

D.has been

D考查主谓一致。句意:很多年轻的科学家都投入到这一项研究工作中来。“many a+可数名词单数”作主语时,谓语动词应用单数形式。另外,be engaged in是固定搭配,表示“忙于,从事于”。

17.Mr.Verder never thought that he would become a member of the board of directors because of his origin.

A.humble

B.previous

C.critical

D.false

A考查形容词词义辨析。句意:由于出身卑微,弗尔德先生从未想过他会成为董事会的一员。humble卑微的;previous先前的,以前的;critical批评的;false错误的。

18.If the whole operation beforehand,a great deal of time and money would have been lost.

A.was not planned

B.has not been planned

C.had not been planned

D.were not planned

C考查虚拟语气。句意:如果事先没有计划好整个运作,大量的时间和金钱将会流失。由would have been lost可知此处表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,从句中应使用“had+过去分词”形式。

19.Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in a dormitory for a week.

A.twice more

B.twice as much as

C.as much twice as

D.as much as twice

B考查倍数的表达方式。句意:住旅馆一周的费用相当于租宿舍的两倍。表示倍数时,可用“倍数+as+形容词原级+as…”结构。

20.You cannot be careful when you drive a car.

A.very

B.so

C.too

D.enough

C考查常用表达方法。句意:驾驶汽车时,怎么小心都不过分。“cannot be too+形容词”构成特殊用法,意为“无论多么……都不为过”。其他几项不合句意。

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